zaterdag 9 april 2011

Nachtegalen - Carl Reich, Beatrice Harrison (HMV)

Beatrice Harrison in haar tuin

Ook in de 78t.periode maakte men natuuropnamen. Zelfs in de akoestische periode (voor 1925, toen de microfoon werd uitgevonden) zijn natuuropnamen gemaakt. 

We horen eerst een akoestische opname gemaakt in Bremen, op het landgoed van Herr Carl Reich (1885-1970), de eerste persoon die opnamen van zangvogels gemaakt heeft. 
Via Google vinden wij het volgende fragment waarin Carl Reich een rol speelt:
Hans Duncker (1881–1961) is among the first avian geneticists, but remains poorly known. He trained as a biologist, completing his PhD at the University of Göttingen in 1905 and then became a high-school teacher in Bremen where he remained for the rest of his life. In 1921 he met Karl Reich (1885–1970) who was the first person to make recordings of bird song and was well-known for creating a strain of canaries that sang Nightingale (Luscinia megarhynchos) songs. Duncker provided a novel Darwinian/Mendelian explanation for how Reich's canaries acquired their songs. In the early 1920s, a time during which the field of genetics was rapidly developing in the USA and Britain, but not Germany, Duncker and Reich conducted large-scale breeding experiments to establish the pattern of inheritance of variegation and other traits in canaries.
Op het label staat verder: "Actual bird recording by a captive nightingale", maar in combinatie met bovenstaand fragment zou het dus zomaar kunnen dat we geen gevangen nachtegaal horen, maar een goed gedrilde kanarie!

Beatrice Harrison (1892-1965): Engelse celliste, zus van May Harrison (violiste) en Margaret Harrison (pianiste). Op Wikipedia staat een fragment wat over deze plaatopnamen gaat:

Beatrice Harrison's performances became well known through broadcast in the early days of BBC sound radio. She made some 'live' recordings in which she sat and played her cello in the garden of her house at Oxted, and the nightingales which frequented the place sang as she was playing. The tunes thus recorded included Songs my mother taught me (Dvorak), Chant Hindu (Rimsky-Korsakov) and the Londonderry Air (the tune of Danny Boy). Records were also issued of the nightingales singing alone and of the dawn chorus in the same garden. These recordings were extremely popular.
At least one person, however, has suggested that the bird sounds heard on the BBC recordings were not those of a real nightingale, but of a talented whistler, Maude Gould.
Beatrice Harrison appears as herself in The Demi-Paradise, as a cellist playing accompaniment to the singing of nightingales for a BBC broadcast.

Ook op de BBC-site wordt melding gemaakt van Beatrice Harrison en de nachtegalen, getuige het volgend fragment:

On 19th May 1924, BBC radio listeners heard for the first time an extraordinary duet live from a Surrey garden. The cellist was Beatrice Harrison, who had recently performed the British debut of Delius's Cello Concerto, which had been written for her. The nightingales were the birds in the woods around Harrison's home in Oxted, who were attracted by the sound of her cello. Harrison first became aware of the birds one summer evening as she practised her instrument in the garden. As she played she heard a nightingale answer and then echo the notes of the cello. When this duet was repeated night after night Harrison somehow managed to persuade the BBC that it should be broadcast. Engineers carried out a successful test and the following night the live broadcast took place.  Harrison played and the nightingales, eventually, joined in.
The public reaction was such that the experiment was repeated the next month and then every spring for the following 12 years. Harrison and the nightingales became internationally renowned and she received 50,000 fan letters. Writing in the Radio Times before the second broadcast,  BBC Managing Director John Reith said the nightingale "has swept the country...with a wave of something closely akin to emotionalism, and a glamour of romance has flashed across the prosaic round of many a life". What a great prose style that man had!

1  Actual bird record made by a captive nightingale    6:02
    (The property of Carl Reich, Bremen)
    78t 25 cm: HMV B 390  (7-49252/49558)
    Opname 1913/1910

2  Nightingales    3:04
3  Dawn in an old world garden (English songbirds awakening)    3:11
    Actually recorded in Beatrice Harrison's garden, Oxted
    78t 25 cm: HMV B 2469  (2-9252/5)
    Opname 03-05-1927

4  Londonderry Air + nightingales    3:07
5  Chant Hindu (Rimsky-Korsakov) + nightingales    2:58
    Beatrice Harrison, cello
    Actually recorded in Beatrice Harrison's garden, Oxted
    78t 25 cm: HMV B 2470  (2-9253/4)
    Opname 03-05-1927

5 opmerkingen:

  1. Thanks again for this great and eclectic blog.

  2. Cool post! Beatrice Harrison is one of
    my all-time favorite women cellists along
    with Guilhermina Suggia and Zara Nelsova.

  3. Thanks for the post, very interesting
    PS, without going off topic, Firefox 4 with a Google toolbar add on translates better than Chrome.
    I look forward to many more of your wonderful postings

  4. Many thanks, I've long wanted to hear these! According to Alan Kelly's data, the first side of the Reich disc (7-49252) was recorded in May 1913 and the second (49558) in May 1910! Kelly credits the Chant hindou to Bemberg but you're right, it's the one from Sadko. All these Beatrice sides were recorded on 3 May 1927. Best wishes, Nick

  5. Thanks all for your reactions! And Nick, great - I added your information!